A lack of cybernorms threatens Western democracies

Election season has upended cybernorms. It all started before the 2016 U.S. presidential election when U.S. officials alleged that Russia had hacked the Democratic National Committee and orchestrated cyberattacks to influence the electoral outcome. “The U.S. Intelligence Community (USIC) is confident that the Russian Government directed the recent compromises of e-mails from U.S. persons and institutions, including from U.S. political organizations,” read a joint statement from the U.S. Department of … Read more »

Cyberspace and the World Order

The history of the world is intricately linked to technological evolution. The discovery of gunpowder unshackled the medieval order based on strict social castes and paved the way to the Westphalian system of nation-states. The discovery of America and the rounding of the Cape of Good Hope, made possible by changes in naval technology, rearranged the European power structure by shifting trade routes and opening the door to colonialism. The … Read more »